Chopwell Colliery

Pit No 1 1908

Pit No 3 1908

The Derwent Iron Company was created in 1840 to exploit the local iron deposits. The company was reformed as the Consett Iron Company in 1864. It was the company's exploitation of the coking coal in the valley which led to the establishment of the mining village of Chopwell. The Consett Iron Company opened new coke ovens at Westwood in 1872 and made a series of boreholes in the Chopwell district, before beginning full scale mining from two shafts at the northern end of the village. This transformed Chopwell into a thriving mining community. The village grew with the development of the colliery. First Wear Street, Tyne Street and Tees Street were built next to the pit in 1895 and 1896. By 1899 Blyth Street, Severn Street and Thames Street were completed. In 1907 Wansbeck, Trent, Mersey, Humber,Tay, Clyde, Forth, Tweed and East Street were built. In the same year seven streets were collectively known as "Whittonstall", named after local farms, were built at the extreme west of Chopwell. The colliery official's houses, Ramsay Road, Greenhead Terrace and Derwent View were better built and more pleasantly situated.

Chopwell Colliery Band, Durham Gala


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